WHO IS ALLAH?
· "Islam in Brief" by Mahmoud Murad
· The Noble Qur'an
Allah is the proper name applied to the Only true God, who exists necessarily by Himself, comprising all the excellent Divine names and attributes of perfection.
Allah is the Arabic name for God, which is used by both Arab Muslims and Arab Christians alike.
We believe that:
Allah is One and Unique. He has no partner or equal. “If there had been in the heavens and the earth gods beside Allah, then verily both would have been ruined.” Surat Al-Anbiya (21:22)
“No Son (or offspring or children) did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him; (If there had been many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others! Glorified be Allah above all that they attribute to Him!” Surat Al-Mu'minoon (23:91)
So every creature bears witness to His Oneness. He is our Lord and the Lord of mankind, Allah the Supreme is the Creator of everything, all other than Him are created, mastered servants who share nothing with Allah. Even Angels and Prophets (among them are Jesus and Muhammad may peace be upon them) are merely created servants submitting to Him.
Allah has a free hand in the disposal of all affairs, He has created us out of nothing and made us in the best form.
Allah’s essence does not resemble other essences;
“There is none like unto Him.” Surat Ash-Shuraa (42:11)
He is the One, the Sole, the Indivisible.
He is the God without whom no affairs are accomplished, He neither begets, nor is begotten.
All creatures stand in need of Him, but He stands in need of none. He has given us all graces and bounties, hence we are not permitted to worship or submit to any other than Him (be an Angel or a chosen Prophet).
Allah is the Omnipotent (Able to do all things), the Omniscient (All-Knowing), whose knowledge comprehends in the most perfect manner all things, hidden or manifested. He knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal.
Allah is the most Merciful, Whose unbounded mercy encompasses everything. He is far removed from injustice and tyranny. Allah has written on Himself that “My mercy overcome My anger”.
There is no one to share His domain, nor does He take aid or support from His creatures. He is the God of the worlds. Yet, He is nearer to man than man’s jugular vein. Whenever a believer in need or distress calls on Him, He responds.
Where is Allah?
He is above the seven Heavens mounting His Throne in the manner which suits His Majesty (Grandeur).
He hears everything and sees everything.
Allah is the Ever-living, Self-subsisting, Eternal, the First (nothing is before Him) [i.e. without a beginning] and the Last (nothing is after Him) [i.e. without an end]. Most High (nothing is above Him) and the most Near (nothing is nearer than Him) and He is the All-Knower of everything.
A God with all these attributes doesn’t He deserve to be worshipped Alone? A God with all these attributes is not He able to do everything, Who created us out of nothing, can’t He create Jesus with a mother without a father, just He said “be” and he was.
Allah has revealed His final scripture, Al-Qur’an to the last of His Messenger, Muhammad (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) to convey the message of Islam to mankind. He is Allah, the Exalted; Glory be to Him.
Throughout people’s lives from childhood until the time they die, signs are shown to them in all regions of the earth and in their own souls, until it becomes clear that there is only one true God (Allah). If the people are honest with themselves, reject their false gods and seek Allah, the way will be made easy for them, but if they continually reject Allah’s signs and continue to worship creation, the more difficult it will be for them to escape.
In South eastern region of Amazon jungle in Brazil, a primitive tribe erected a new hut to house their main idol Skwatch, representing the supreme god of all creation, the following day a young man entered to pray to this Idol, and while he was in prostration to what he has been taught was his Creator and Sustainer, a dog walked into the hut and pass urine on the idol. The young man chased the dog out to the temple, when his rage died down he realized that the idol could not be the Lord of the universe. Allah must be somewhere else, he now had a choice to act on his knowledge and seek Allah or to dishonestly go along with the false belief of his tribe. As strange as it may seem, that was a sign from Allah for that young man. It contained within it divine guidance that what he was worshipping was false.
Tawheed – The Islamic Monotheism
1. Oneness of the Lordship of Allah: [ Tawhid Ar-Roobubiyyah ]
To believe that there is only one Lord for all the universe, it’s Creator, Organizer, Planner of all its affairs, (He who gives lives and death) Sustainer, and the Giver of security, etc., and that is Allah.
2. Oneness of the Worship of Allah: [ Tawhid Al-Uloohiyyah ]
To believe that none has the right to be worshipped [e.g. praying, invoking, asking for help (from the unseen), swearing, slaughtering, sacrifices, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.] but Allah.
3. Oneness of the Names and the Qualities of Allah: [ Tawhid Al-Asmaa Was-Sifaat ]
Muslims believe that:
(i) Muslims must not name or qualify Allah except with what He or His Messenger (may peace and blessings be upon him) has named or qualified Him.
(ii) None can be named or qualified with the Names or Qualities of Allah, e.g. Al-Razzaq (the Sustainer), Al-Quddus (free from all defects).
(iii) Muslims have to believe in all what has been revealed in Allah’s Book [the Qur’an] with regards to the Qualities of Allah, the Most High like His Face, Eyes, Hands, Shins (legs), His coming, His “Istawa” (i.e. rising over) His Throne over the seventh Heaven and others.
And Muslims believe in all what Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (may peace and blessings be upon him) qualified Him in the true authentic Prophet’s narrations as regard His Qualities like [Nuzul], His Descent [He only comes down over the first nearest Heaven to us on the day of ‘Arafah (Hajj the 9th of Dhul-Hijja) and also during the last third part of the night], or His laughing and other attributes etc..
Muslims have to believe in these Qualities of Allah without:
· “Ta’wil” i.e., interpreting their meanings into different things
· “Tashbih” i.e., giving resemblance or similarity to any of the creatures
· “Ta’til” i.e., completely ignoring or denying them, e.g., to say that there is no Face, or Eyes or Hands or Shins for Allah.
These qualities suits Allah alone, and He does not resemble any of His creatures.
As Allah’s statement in the Qur’an “There is nothing like unto Him and He is All-Hearer, the All-Seer.”
There is none comparable unto Him.
This is the faith of all true believers, and was the faith of all the Prophets of Allah, from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Christ till the last of the Prophets, Muhammad (may peace and blessings be upon him). It is not like as some people think that Allah is present everywhere, here, there, and even inside the breast of men, so we have to tell these people that Allah is with us by His Knowledge only, not by His personal-self.
These are the three aspects of Tawhid (Islamic monotheism) are included in the meaning of “La iLaha illa Allah” (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah).