The Articles of Faith

 

 

 

Sources:

·        "Islam in Brief" by Mahmoud Murad

·        "Brief Introduction to Islam" by Sheikh Ali Al-Tantawi

·        "Your way to Islam" by Dr. Muhammad S. Al-Ashqaar

 

 

There are six articles of faith which include:

 

1.     Believing in the Oneness of Allah, our Lord and the Lord of all the seen and unseen worlds.

 

2.     Believing in the angels.

 

Allah has created angels to worship Him, praise Him, to carry out His commands, and to be His messengers to His human Prophets.

 

Allah has tasked them to carry out numerous duties:

·        One of the angels is Gabriel who used to bring down Revelation to our Prophet Muhammad (May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him).

·        Another angel is Michael who is in charge of rain-fall.

·        A third one is the angel of Death, who is in charge of taking the souls of people whose death is due.

·        And others.

 

Angels are Allah’s obedient servants and are honoured by Allah the Exalted, hence we honour them and speak of them respectfully. But we worship none of them, nor do we take them as Allah’s sons or daughters.

 

We worship only Allah who created them in this wonderful creation.

 

Allah, the Exalted says in Surat Al-Anbiya (21: 26-28):

 

“And they say: ‘The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or children).’  Glory to Him!  They (Those whom they call children of Allah i.e. the angels, Jesus son of Mary, Ezra, etc.) are but honoured slaves. They speak not until He has spoken, and they act on His Command. He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased.  And they stand in awe for fear of Him.”

 

3.  Believing in Allah’s Scriptures:

 

Allah, the Exalted has sent Books down to His Messengers, in order to proclaim them to mankind, and these books contain the words of Allah.

 

They were free from any imperfection or errors at the time of their revelation.

 

Among them are:

 

The Scriptures of Ibrahim (Abraham),

Taurat (Torah) revealed to Musa (Moses),

Zabour (Psalms) revealed to Dawoud (David),

Injiil (Gospel) revealed to Isa (Jesus),

And  the Qur’an sent down to Muhammad (May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him).

 

All the Scriptures that preceded the Qur’an have been tampered with or distorted by their people, while the Qur’an is protected by Allah from change or tampering.

 

Whatever in those Books differs from the Qur’an is corrupted or abrogated.

 

Allah, the Exalted says in the Qur’an Surat Al-Ma'idah (5:48):

 

“And We have sent down to you the Book (This Qur’an) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and (Trustworthy in Highness and a Witness) over it (old Scriptures).”[i.e. testifies the Truth that is therein and falsifies the falsehood that is added therein…]

 

If the source of all revelations is one, then it is logic to think that there should be no contradiction between them, they are sent with the same order (command), which is to worship one God, Allah, the Exalted.

 

4.     Believing in Allah’s Messengers:

 

We believe that Allah, the Exalted chose from among mankind Prophets and Messengers to send His Revelation to. He sent them Laws, and commanded them to convey the message of Allah unto their people.

 

There were a number of Messengers known for their firm stand and endurance in struggling for the cause of Allah; they are the five most prominent and steadfast, namely:

 

Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus), and Muhammad peace be upon them all.  They are all human and slaves of Allah.

 

Every Prophet or Messenger before Muhammad r was sent to his own people, but Muhammad r was sent to all mankind.

 

As Allah, the Exalted said in Surat Al-'Araf (7:158):

 

“Say (O Muhammad (May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him ) O Mankind ! Verily I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah”.

 

Also in Surat Al-Anbiya (21:107):

 

“…and We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a Mercy for the A’Alamin (Mankind, Jinns, and all that exists).”

 

Note :

 

Embracing Islam does not mean to disbelieve in Musa or Isa or any other Prophet.

 

Islam teaches you how to believe correctly in all Prophets.

 

None of Allah’s Messengers or Prophets claimed to be a god or part-god. The creed of the Oneness of Allah was the focal point of the messages with which all Prophets and Messengers were sent to mankind, beginning with Adam and ending with Muhammad, Peace be upon them all.

 

5.  Believing in the Last Day, the Day of Resurrection

 

We believe that there will be another life after this life.  Allah, the Exalted has pre-decreed a term for the life of each creature, and a term for the life of this whole world.

 

When the determined term of this world comes to an end, Allah, the Exalted will command the angel (Israfil) to blow the trumpet and all mankind and all other creatures will die. Then the angel will blow the trumpet again, and behold, all the people who died since the time of Adam will stand up out of their graves (be resurrected) and stand before the Lord of the Worlds to be questioned about their deeds in this world.

 

Those who believed in Allah, believed the Messengers and did good deeds (commanded by Allah) will go to Jannah (Paradise). In Paradise, they will enjoy eternal bliss.

 

But those who disbelieved in the Oneness of Allah, rejected the Messengers and disobeyed Allah’s Commands will go into Hell. In Hell-fire, they will be in continuous eternal punishment.

 

6.     Believing in Pre-destination:-

 

Allah has created everything in accordance with His decree, predestination, desire and will, and in due proportion.

 

His determination of the nature of things was established fifty thousand years before He created the Heavens and the earth.

 

Nothing occurs or takes shape within the heavens or the earth but with His knowledge and by His order.

 

To believe in predestination, whether good or bad, doesn’t contradict man’s responsibility and free will.  Man is free in his choices, which is why he is responsible for his deeds both in this life and in the Hereafter. 

 

Imagine that you are travelling alone on a road which, at a certain point, divides into two. The first road is uneven, rocky and full of thorn bushes and hidden dangers; it is also steep and hard-going.

However the authorities have put up a notice at the beginning of the track which reads: Even though this road may initially seem difficult, it will eventually lead you to your destination.

 

As for the second road, it is well-paved and both sides are lined with fruit trees and flowers, and there are plenty of cafes and places of entertainment on either side. The traveller on this road will find everything he needs to satisfy him.  But the notice at the beginning of this road warns: This is a Dangerous and Destructive Road.  It leads to a ravine and certain death.

 

Which of the two paths would you choose to take?  This example illustrates the comparison between Heaven and Hell.  The way to Hell is full of pleasures enjoyed by the human heart, as well as unlimited freedom of action…

 

The path to Paradise is certainly no bed of roses, one has to face many hardships and much suffering…

 

Will you choose to enjoy short-lived pleasure followed by unremitting pain, or a brief and temporary period of difficulties, followed by eternal bliss and joy in the Hereafter?

 

Thus Allah has sent the two paths before us and He has created the faculty within us to enable us to distinguish between the two, so that everyone, regardless of his or her educational background, has the ability to discriminate between good and evil.

 

This means that, in the same way as when we do something good we feel a sense of relief because we have a clear conscience, we equally feel upset when we do something wrong.

 

This faculty is not only restricted to human beings; animals have it too.  For example, if you throw a piece of meat to a cat he will eat it in front of you in a perfectly relaxed way.  But if he snatches the meat from you secretly, he will run off to a corner and gobble it up on his own so that you won’t see him and take the meat back.

 

From this example we can learn that in the first instance the cat’s conscience is clear because he feels the meat has been given to him, where as in the second example his reaction shows instinctively that he has acted aggressively.

 

In other words, the cat has distinguished between right and wrong; what is “lawful” and what is “prohibited”.

 

This is the interpretation of the verse in the Qur’an, Surah Al-Balad (90:8) which says: “Have we not shown him the two paths (of good and evil)?”

 

Allah has appointed men to preach to and guide mankind to the path of Paradise.  They are the Prophets.  The path of Hell also has those who lure men to it, they are Allah’s adversaries.

 

Everyone is heading for the same end (death, the Judgement Day, meeting with Allah), but may choose any other route.  Allah is so Merciful; and far removed from injustice.

 

He, the Exalted says in Surat Al-Isra (17: 15): “And we never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning). Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself.  And whoever goes astray then he goes astray to his own loss.  No one laden with burdens can bear another’s burden.”

 

We have prepared this message, out of our concern for you. May Allah the Exalted benefit you with it and guide us all to His Right Path.