A Message to the Atheists

Source:  True religion by Bilal Philips

Atheists are those who deny the existence of a God or Creator for this universe, Who disposes its affairs with His Knowledge and Wisdom.  All events and matters happen with the Creator’s Will and with His Ability.

The Natural (instinctive) Evidences for the existence of the Exalted.

Al-Fitrah in Arabic literally means the nature or instinct that every baby in his mother’s womb is created with, the religion, and the sound nature which has no defect.

The Prophet (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Every child is born on Al-Fitrah [true faith of Islamic Monotheism (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone)] but his parents convert him to Judaism, Christianity, or Magianism.

 

Every child submits to the physical laws which Allah has put in his nature.  His soul also submits naturally to the fact that Allah is his Lord and Creator.  But his parents try to make him follow their own way and the child is not strong enough in the early stages of his life to resist or oppose the will of his parents. If the child is left with his natural submission, he would continue following it and wouldn’t leave it for another, but he might deviate from it because of human blight and imitation.

 

The statement of the Prophet (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) that “Every child is born on Al-Fitrah” doesn’t mean that he comes out from his mother’s womb knowing the religion or in fact believing in Islam. Allah,the Exalted says in Surat an-Nahl (16:78):

 

“And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you know nothing.  And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might give thanks (to Allah).”

 

 This means that his nature or instinct is necessary to know the religion of Islam, to love it, accept it, submit himself to the truth and accordingly, to confess his belief in the Oneness of Lordship.

 

If the child is left without someone to oppose or alter this, then he wouldn’t become other than a Muslim; the same way he is born to love until something or somebody keeps him away from it.  Therefore; our natural instinct, as in the example of the newborn needing milk, requires us to know Allah, love Him and worship Him without associates.

 

Allah, the Exalted informed us in Surat al-Araf (7:172):

And remember when your Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): “Am I not your Lord?.  They said: “Yes! We testify.””

 

This is evidence that every human being is created with belief in his Creator, without prior thinking or education.

 

When the rational person contemplates, he will realize he needs his Creator—the Exalted—in his coming into existence, his living and in all of his affairs.

 

Just look at the people when a calamity befalls them; you will see their hearts clinging (attached) to Allah, invoking Him and asking Him for help.  This is clearly noticeable during thunder and lightning storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, violent winds, heavy rains, flooding, etc. Whenever they see one of these events, they invoke and ask Allah, because they know that this unusual event wouldn’t happen or be caused by itself without it being started by someone,Who is its Creator.

 

Allah, the Exalted says in Surat Adh-Dhariyat (51:2):

“And also in your ownselves , will you not then see?”

 

Also Allah, the Exalted says in Surat al-Isra, (17:67), reminding the ungrateful man: 

“And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you except Him (Allah Alone).”

 

And in Surat An-Nahl (16:53):

“And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allah.  Then, when harm touches you, unto Him you cry aloud for help.”

 

On the other hand, we see every animal species created with (natural) instincts, even if it doesn’t see any of its own species doing a particular thing, e.g. if you were to take the egg of a bee and hatch it in a scientific way, far away from all the bees. No doubt, after sometime, this bee would start to build an orderly hexagonal cell of wax to store honey, although it didn’t see its mother or any of its species doing that.  Who has taught it the way of forming a regular hexagonal cell to store the honey? 

 

Dr. Fadil Al-Samurraci said that once one of his friends put about 30 chicken eggs together with one egg of a water (aqueous) bird in an incubator. After a certain period passed, all the eggs hatched, and all the chickens descended from the incubator. As soon as they descended, the chicks of the chicken went to the garden searching in the ground, while the water bird chick isolated itself from them and went towards the stream; left to swim without being tempted or lured or deceived by the large group of chickens. Who taught it that it is a water bird and guided it to that though it didn’t see its mother or any of its species?

 

“He is Allah who gave to (each) everything its form and nature, then guided it a right.” -Surat Taha (20:50)

 

Mental (intellectual) Evidences

 

The following ways present (bring) evidences and mental proofs for those (the materialists, naturalists, atheists, skeptics, etc...) who deny the existence of Allah the Exalted:

 

First way: The wise mental division:

An evidence is brought to whomsoever denies the existence of Allah, the Exalted and His Oneness of Lordship, so that either he submits himself to the truth and follows it, or he leaves it (truth) for what is reasonable and comprehensible, insane and of a corrupted nature.

The matters of the mind could be divided into three:

 

1-    Either all of these creatures came into existence by itself; accidentally without a creator who created it.  This is impossible and absurd and the human mind confirms its voidness. Every rational and sane person knows that nothing could happen without a creator bringing it into existence.  Then it is essential (necessary) that for every event (incident) to happen, it has to have an inventor (who caused its existence). The existence of a thing without a creator is impossible and void by vision, sense and sound Fitrah.

 

2-    Or to say that all of these creatures created itself; this is also impossible and incomprehensible, because before its existence it was nothingness, so how could it be a creator?!  If these two possibilities are nullified and abolished because neither mind nor instinct can accept them, then comes the third possibility:

 

3-    All of these creatures in the heaven and on earth and all these events must have a creator who brought it into existence and To Whom all the creatures, dominion and disposition refer to.  He is Allah the All-Mighty, Omnipotent, All-Powerful.

 

 Therefore Allah, the Exalted mentioned in the Qur’an in Surat at-Tur (52:35) this mental evidence:

 

“Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creator?”

So whoever doubts or suspects this evidence, then, verily, this indicates his insanity and his being astray. For Example, Don’t you see, if you look at a beautiful painting of a fascinating view (scenery), the first thing you will think of is that this picture was painted by a clever artist, well acquainted with colors and taste.  But it being painted by itself, and brought into existence by accident and in this arranged form by chance; nobody would say that.

Or even if you look at a lofty castle (palace), would not the first thing that comes to your mind be that this is designed by a clever designer who is an expert in architecture?  or did this castle come into existence by itself, by chance and accident, or is it created by nature?  Or was it designed by an expert in construction and architecture?

If this obvious matter can be distinguished by man; so that they didn’t come into existence without a creator, well acquainted, then is it reasonable that this universe, with its accuracy, exactness and with all its planets and celestial bodies and different worlds, can exist without having a Creator, Able to do all things, All-Powerful, Well-Acquainted and All-Knower?!

 

“What! ‘Can there be a doubt about Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth?’”-  Surat Ibrahim (14:10)

Second way:  Nothingness cannot create a thing;

If a rational person looked alternatively (considered) at the creatures which are brought forth everyday of man and animal, and thought considerably about all that’s happening in this world of winds, rains, the succession of day and night, the organized motion of the sun, moon, stars and planets etc…, the mind would, verily, be assured with determination that all this could not be created or invented by nothingness, but they are the work (making) of Allah, Who perfected all things.

Nothingness cannot create a thing, because it is non-existent and not able to make a thing.

Third way:  The deaf nature does not possess the ability and power, and one that lacks cannot give away a thing which one doesn’t itself possess:

All rational people affirm that one who doesn’t possess money to give away will not be asked for money, and the ignorant is never asked for knowledge, because whoever misses or doesn’t possess the thing cannot give it away.

If we found a slain person in the sheet, none of us would try to arrest the deer next to the slain person and accuse it of murder because it doesn’t have the ability to kill.  Also no one would claim that an animal sent a satellite to move around the earth, because an animal doesn’t have the ability to send that satellite.  And so on, the mind judges and confirms that the deer is not the one who possesses the ability to do the thing.  And who doesn’t possess the thing cannot give it away.

What is the nature and what is its real effect?

 

Dr. Hasan Huwaidi said in his book “Al-Wojuud Al-Haqq (The True Existence)”, that nature has two definitions, according to the minds of the people.

 

With regards to those who claim that nature created the earth and the heaven, then according to the first definition, the earth created the earth and heaven created the heaven etc… i.e. they are the created and the creator at the same time (in one being) and this is impossible to happen.

 

According to the second definition, the tendencies created the thing; let us explain this by an example:

 

If we put a seed in the ground and water it, it will inflate (swell) and split, and then the root will go down towards the bottom and the stem will come forth towards the top, and then the leaves, flowers, fruits etc… are evolved (produced).

 

So the tendency which was in that seed was the inflation, splitting etc… and without these tendencies the plant would not bring forth or or develop anything.

 

If we come to these tendencies and look for its reality; if the seed didn’t grow, split and evolve anything from it, who made or caused it to inflate and split? If the seed had a mind and disposition, then we would say that its mind prepared it for that; and had not the water caused its swelling and splitting, we would say that the water is able to inflate iron and make it to split. Therefore, there should be an effect or a cause to make the effect and susceptibility for that effect.

 

If we presume that the seed inflated and split by itself, then why didn’t it stiffen and shrink instead of growing and producing?

 

In addition, in order for procreation and the continuance to happen, they require from the seed, a mind, reasoning and a planned program, while the seed doesn’t possess any of this! Then how did it produce (evolve) a specific fruit! Or how did it happen to get different kinds of fruits?

 

We conclude that nature is not suitable or fit to be a creator. Whoever claims that nature created him or created something, then he contradicts the mind and declares war against the truth, because the whole universe bears witness that its creator is All-Wise, All-Knowing, All-Acquainted, Who Guides, Sustains, Protects, is Merciful, and Only One, and the animate nature doesn’t possess even the weight of an atom in all of this.

 

Nature cannot independently cause something to happen because it cannot offer others that which it itself does not possess, e.g. nature cannot give human beings a mind because it does not itself possess a mind in order to give it to others.  Nature does not possess experience while human beings have experience.  Nature has no will or choice or desire; it also has no knowledge, while human beings have all these things!

 

Don’t they know that who does not possess a thing is not able to give it away?

 

“O mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily! Those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create (even) a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose.” Surat Al-Hajj (22 :73)

 

The creator must be absolutely and extremely (completely) perfect, so that he would be:

 

1-    In no need of those (or in need of none).

2-    The first, nothing is before him.

3-    The last, nothing is after him.

4-    Unbounded to time.

5-    Unbounded by place.

6-    Omnipotent (able to do all things).

7-    All-knower of everything; what happened, what is happening and what is going to happen and whatever or wherever it is.

 

And these attributes cannot be except for Allah the All-Perfect in all aspects.  And by this, the claim of the materialist is refuted (rejected) because material cannot be attributed with any of these.

 

Fourth way: Blind accident does not possess life (or give life):

Atheists believe in accidents, which means that all things and creatures have been created and formed in its present form by accident and not by intention (purpose), will and disposition. It can be said to them: From where did the world get this wonderful organization (order) and wise arrangement, such as, the motion of the solar system, the succession of day and night, the procreation of the creatures, life and death, the revolving (rotation) of the sun, moon and earth.  The successive seasons, etc… How can all these facts be attributed to accident or chance?

 

How can all these parts of different shapes and forms, of different sources and bases, join together to produce a uniform thing? How are they preserved and how do they keep their uniformity? And how are they renewed from time to time?!

 

Whoever says or believes that this organization, creativity, perfection and precision of the universe was brought into existence by chance and accident, is like one who put the letters of the alphabets, A,B,C….Z, into a box, then he started shaking it, hoping that these letters would join together and form a poem or a precise book in Engineering.  This indicates a deficiency in the mind and mere foolishness, for even if he continues shaking this box for ages, he would still only get the alphabet.

 

Or he is like one who would say or were to say?: A needle is pierced into a board for a blind man who was given 1000 needles and was told:

“Thread these needles one after the other in order, i.e. enter the first needle into the hole of the pierced needle in the board and enter the second needle into the hole of the first needle, the third into the second, and so on, by accident, till all the needles enter into each other?  Is this sensible?  Actually no one would believe in this.

 

Then how can a rational person believe that the whole world with what it possesses of creativity, precision and good arrangement in every atom of its atoms, is created by accident?

 

“What! ‘Can there be a doubt about Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth?’” Surat Ibrahim (14:10)

 

This is an intellectual evidence that this world was not created accidently or by chance, but it was brought into existence by the ability of One Who is All-Mighty, Omnipotent, All-Powerful and All-Wise.

 

There are many scientific books which make distinct (clear) the impossibility of accidental initiation of the creation by using arithmetic e.g. If we brought ten pieces of paper and we wrote a sentence from 1 to 10 on each of them, and then we mixed them thoroughly such that no number will be next to its preceding or succeeding no.  Then they were all put into a bag, and a man extended his hand into it to bring out- by accident- the numbers, one after the other in their successive order, i.e. first bring out the piece of paper which has the no. one, then brings out no. two, and so on.

In order, for this to happen- by applying mathematics (or the theory of probability) one would need to try 10,000,000,000 times to get the ten numbers in order, so what if he had 100 numbers or 1000 numbers, this would require from him many more trials than what the human mind can absorb.

 

Accordingly, these mathematics prove that to fulfill the proper conditions for creating the first cell in life by accident (which requires right elements of a certain place, time and material) makes it impossible to happen. Even believing in the possibility of evolution of the first germ to life by accident will not make the whole universe with all that is therein of convincing evidences to make life continue by accident.

 

Among the evidences is the perfect order which prevails in the whole world and does not require except mere looking into anything created (plants, animals, a human being). Upon examination; one will discover the object (goal) and perfection in its creation and formation.

 

Fifth way: The wise, intellectual debate:

Imaam Abu-Halifa debated with some atheists, who denied the existence of a creator, and said to them: “What do you say about the man who claims the following:  I saw a ship with a full load (cargo), full with spoils, intercepted (beset) or surrounded (encircled) by high waves and different winds in the open (tumultuous) sea, and it sailed through them smooth and straight, without a sailor or a crew to guide or to control it.  Does this make sense?"  They said:  "This is nonsense".

 

Abu-Halifa said:  Praise be to Allah!  If it is impossible for a ship to sail straight and smooth through the sea without a sailor or a seaman, then how could this world, with all its different constituencies, with its different states (conditions), and of wide space, be established (or rise) without a creator or a preserver??”

 

Sixth way: The Law of cause or origin:

The facts and sound minds are a witness that man, from the time he opened his eyes, didn’t see (witness) an event happen without a cause; or see anything which exists in this world without a creator.  For according to the law of cause, nothing of possibility can happen by itself because it doesn’t carry in its nature enough reason for it to exist…and every existing thing has a reason behind it or a cause for its existence.  This fact was realized even by the shepherd in the desert, when he was asked: “What is the evidence for the existence of the Lord?”  He said: “Praise be to Allah, the dung indicates (or points to) the camel, and foot traces indicate (point to) the walking (of a man); then a heaven with stars, and an earth with broad roads, oceans with waves, a dark night, and bright day, are not all these indication of the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things!”

 

Hence, every created thing should have a creator, and no event or incident happens without a cause.  Based on this fact, our world and what it consists of earth and heavens, man and animal, day and night, sun and moon, inevitably should have an inventor who caused it.  And this world won’t remain without a reason or a cause preserving it and keeping it as it is just as it didn’t come into existence without a cause or creator causing it to happen, and no one is able to do all that except Allah the One, the Irresistible.

 

Seventh way: Consideration of and looking into the (created) indicates some attributes of the maker.

Every detail found in the product (that which is made) indicates the ability, knowledge, experience or the wisdom that the maker has.

 

From this we would know that looking at the creature with contemplation would give an idea of or indicate some of the attributes of the Creator.

 

For Example, if one looked into himself and in his creation, and looked into the origin of his creation from a Nutfah (Mixed drops of male and female) then this Nutfahwas made into a clot, the clot was made into a little lump of flesh, then out of that little lump of flesh, bones were made, then the bones were clothed with flesh until one is brought forth as a human being with complete exterior and interior organs. Would not all this make one to think deeply and look towards the confession of the existence of a Lord?, Able to do all things, whose Knowledge comprehends all things, the All-Wise in all what He created and formed perfectly?

 

If all the creatures united together to transfer the “Nutfah” in which Allah made the origin of the human creation, through all the different stages and lodge it in a safe lodging (womb of the woman), and makes for it hearing, sight, a mind, and power and makes it to grow in that amazing way and put him together in that ordered structure and arranges the organs in that perfect order, is it possible to do that by one’s own ability, and knowledge?

 

“Then tell me (about) the human semen that you emit.  Is it you who created it (i.e. who can make this semen into a perfect human being), or are We the Creator?” - Al-Waqi-ah’ (56:58-59)

 

We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh, bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation.  So blessed be Allah, the best of Creators.

 

In Surat Adh-Dhariyat (51:21), Allah, the Exalted Says:

“And also in your own selves, will you not then see?”

 

There is a strong relation between the deed and the doer.  The doer is the promise (which came first) and the deed is the conclusion (or the result).  And there is nothing in the deed which the doer has no ability to do, e.g. if we look at the electrical lamp, we would know:

 

·                   The maker of this lamp has glass.

·                   The maker is able to shape (form) that glass (lamp) in the form which you can see (the global form).

·                   The maker has wire made of tungsten, because it is impossible for the lamp to exist with the glass and tungsten wires which are there, without the maker having glass or tungsten, and without him having the ability of shaping the glass and the wire.

 

     If you contemplated deeply about the lamp:

 

·                   You would find perfection in its making, such that your mind would tell you that the maker of the lamp is wise.

·                   You would see the electrical design; that witnesses for you that the maker is acquainted with electricity.

 

And if we look at the moving car as it moves in the streets, and turns at necessity, stops in certain known places, and turns around in the roundabouts, we would know:

 

·       The driver of the car is sane and we would think.

·       He has will, directs the car wisely.

·       He has knowledge of how to drive the car.

·       He exists, because if he does not exist, the car wouldn’t move and make these organized and precise motions.

·       There is a perfect relation between the maker and the thing which is made, and between the deed and the doer

·       There is nothing that could be in the made (thing) or in the deed that is not in the possession or the ability of the maker (doer).

·       Everything in the deed or the made (thing) indicates the ability of the doer or a characteristic (attribute) of the maker or the doer.

·       The made (thing) or the deed is a mirror that reflects the ability of the doer and some of his qualities.

 

Also, If we think about the creatures, we will come to know some of the Attributes of the Creator and some of His Ability (the Exalted).

 

Also Allah ,the Exalted said in Surat Al-Mu’minum (23:12-14):

“And indeed we created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth).  Then we made him (the offspring of Adam) as a “Nutfah” (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) and lodged it in a safe lodging (womb of the woman).  Then we made the “Nutfah” into clot (a piece of think coagulated blood), then we made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh, bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We bought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best of all Creators.”

 

And no doubt, if a just and rational person would contemplate deeply about that, surely it would lead him to a confession of the Greatness of the Creator, the ability of the all-able to do all things, the knowledge of the All-Knower, The wisdom of the All-Wise, and the experience of the well-acquainted with all things.

 

And if we apply the rule which states that “the deed or action in a mirror (resection) has some of its doer’s ability and some of his attributes”, then we would find that these actions and events:

 

·       are a perfect system which witness that it is made by a Wise One

·       direct  its movement, which witnesses that it is made by the Will of its maker

·       is  great in its formation which witnesses that it is made by a Great One

·       Its work and actions are arranged in good order, joined together in its creation which witnesses that they are made by the One and Only.

·       Submitted to a unified system which witnesses that it is made by the Controller, the Watcher over His creatures.

So all the minds decide that the creator of these creatures: is Wise, All-Knowing, Well-Acquainted, etc…And if we look at this marvelous Sovereignty, we will find its (actions or events) going on in a systematic way, in order, which indicates that its ruler or who supervises it is an All-Watcher over its movement (motion), controlling its steady (stable) system, who, no doubt, exists always.

 

  “And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allah” - (Surat az-Zukhruf 43:87)

 

“If you were to ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon?” They will surely reply:  “Allah”” - (Surat al-Ankabut 29:61)

 

“Say: “Whose is the earth and whosoever is therein?  If you know!”” - (Surat al-Muminun 23:84)

 

“Say: In Whose Hand is the sovereignty of everything (i.e. treasures of each and everything)?” - (Surat al-Muminun 23:88)

 

“Say: “Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth?  Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living?  And who disposes the affairs?  They will say:  “Allah”. Say: “Will you not be afraid of Allah’s Punishment (for setting up rivals in worship with Allah)?”  - Surat Yunus (10:31)

 

The previous attributes, about which we have come to know (that they) are the attributes of the Creator of the universe, (All-Wise, All-Knowing, Well-Acquainted, Great, The Only One, The Judge, The All-Watcher over everything), these attributes cannot be for a nonexistent or nothingness.  Surely they are for the Creator who always exists.

 

And if we apply the rule “whoever misses a thing cannot give it away” we find that none among the creation is attributed with being the All-Wise, the All-Knower, the Well-Acquainted, the Most Great, the One and Only One, the All-Watcher over everything the Permanent

 

Then, the Creator of this universe is someone else other than the created universe, and He is the All-Wise, The All-knower, the Most Great, etc…

 

“He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms.  To Him belong the Best Names.  All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him.  And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” Surat al-Hashr (59:24)

 

Therefore we see that the first way to know Allah is to contemplate deeply about His creation and more the human being knows about Allah, the Exalted’s creatures and the secrets behind their creation, the more his belief will increase.

 

Therefore, Islam encourages contemplation and acquisition of useful knowledge, especially the Universal Sciences.

 

“Do they not look: on the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all  things that Allah , the Exaltedhas created, and that it may be that the end of their lives is near.  In what message after this will they then believe?” Surat Al-Araf  (7:185)

 

Also Allah, the Exalted says in Surat Fatir (35:27-28):

 

“See you not that Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and We produce therewith fruits of varying colors, and among the mountains are streaks, white and red, of varying colors and (others) very black.”

 

“And of men and “Ad-Dawab” (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.) and cattle, in  manner of various colors.  It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah.  Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, Oft-Forgiving.”

 

Knowing Allah through His Messengers:

 

If you really come to know some attributes of the maker of the electrical lamp and the driver of the car, can you know the character or morals of the lamp maker by just looking at it?  Is he generous or a miser?  Is he merciful or hard hearted?  Does he sell the lamp to you or not, is he humble or arrogant and proud?  Which are the things that he loves and hates?  Undoubtedly, you would not know any of these things by just looking at and seeing the things that he has made.  The way to know these things is by contacting the deputy or representative (vicegerent) who will confirm for you that this lamp has a maker, who has glass and wires, and he is acquainted with electricity.  He will tell you what he knows about the previously mentioned moralities of the maker.  However, you will not be at rest and feel comfortable about/with what the vicegerent (deputy) says, except after you are assured that he really is the deputy (or the representative), and that he is truthful in all what he says.

 

“And for Allah is the highest description.” Surat an-Nahl (16:60)

 

It is similar regarding our complete knowledge about our Creator, We ignore many of Allah’s Attributes, about which we can’t come to know everything except by contacting His Messengers, who bring the evidence which confirms, really, that they are truthful Messengers, whom Allah has sent. 

 

The second way to know the existence of Allah ,the Exalted and ---- what is known from seeing His Creatures and knowing what is hidden from us is Allah, the Exalted’s Attributes, is through the Messengers who are supported by Miracles and Evidences. 

 

“Indeed we have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the scripture and the Balance (Justice) that mankind may stand forth in justice.” Surat al-Hadid (57:25)

 

Conclusion:

 

·       The belief in the existence of Allah, the Exalted is a natural feeling which comes forth from the inner self.  The Muslim should strengthen his natural belief with intellectual (sharp) evidence, and clear proofs, because there is no good in the belief of a blind imitator.

·       The number of evidences for the existence of Allah is equal to the  number of His Creations, and they are divided into:

1-                            Sighted evidences in the creation

2-                            Evidences brought by the Messengers

 

·       The Intellectual rules which no one can object to or reject/deny:

3-                              Nothingness cannot create a thing

4-                              The deed is a mirror and reflects some ability of its doer and his attributes

5-                              The one who lacks a thing cannot give it away

 

·       By applying these rules, we find that these creatures, which are everywhere/abundant in the universe, all witness that they have a Creator, All-Wise, All-knowing, well-Acquainted, Most Great, Judge, All-Watcher over everything, Everlasting etc…

·       The continuity of the system and the perfect motion (movement) witnesses that its Creator is controlling the perfect existing system as are the attributes which are seen in its effects (traces) in the universe; that they are attributes of an existing Creator, because the nonexistent has no attributes or traces.

·       There is a Creator that is attributed with absolute and complete wisdom, knowledge, will, watching and controlling over all that in the Universe, which indicates that the Creator of this universe is someone else other than the seen creatures.

·       We believe in the truthfulness of the Messengers because they brought evidences and clear verses and signs of their truthfulness. 

 

Sensed and perceptible (visible) Evidences

Among the evidences which indicate the existence of Allah the Exalted, His Oneness of Lordship and that He is the Creator of everything and the Only One Who deserves to be worshipped, are the evidences which the people hear, see and feel and they are of two kinds:

 

The first kind:  the response of Allah, the Exalted to the invocations at all times; the creature cannot count how much Allah, the Exalted gives and grants those who ask Him and invoke Him, and how many times He removes the distress of the distressed people.  By the invocation of some slaves to their Lord hoping to obtain His graces and bounty many requests are granted, and this is a visible and sensed evidence which no one can deny.

 

How many times did the believers ask their Lord- with hearts full of fear- to send down rain to drink, and the response was immediate and quick on many occasions, such that the rain came to the city or town, whose people come out invoking their Lord, while nothing comes to nearby towns.

 

How many times did the distressed people see their calamity or distress dispelled (driven away) by their invocation:

 

“Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to the distressed one, when he calls Him, and Who removes the evil,…Surat an-Naml (27:62)

 

Hundreds of Muslims are witness to Who is He, Who hears the invocations of those appealing for help and answered them by bringing forth the clouds and sending down rain?  Is it an idol which is not able to do anything? Or nature which is deaf and which does not possess a will or disposition; or is it nothingness which brought forth, designed, found, formed, decreed, perfected, heard, and responded, while it is nothingness which has no existence.

 

Narrated Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him): “(On a Friday) a person entered the main Mosque while Allah’s Messenger (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) was delivering the Khutbah (religious talk) and requested (the Prophet to invoke Allah) for rain, repeating it many times” and in this quotation (it is said), “we did not see the sun for a week .” [Anas added, Allah’s Messenger (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) raised both his hands and said, “O Allah! Bless us with rain!  O Allah! Bless us with rain!  O Allah! Bless us with rain!” Anas added, “By Allah, we could not see any trace of cloud in the sky and there was no building or a house between us and (the mountains of) Sila’.” Anas added, “A heavy cloud like a shield appeared from behind it (i.e. Sila’ mountain); when it came in the middle of the sky, it spread and then rained.”]

 

Anas further said: “By (next Friday) a person entered through the same gate and at that time Allah’s Messenger (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) was delivering the Friday’s Khutbah (religious talk). The man stood in front of him and said, O Allah’s Messenger: The livestock are dying and the roads are cut off, please invoke Allah to withhold rain.’ Anas added, Allah’s Messenger (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) raised both his hands and said, ‘O Allah! Round about us and not on us.  O Allah! On the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the places where trees grow.’  So the rain stopped and we came out walking in the sun.”  [Al-Bukhaari]

 

This narration is one of Allah, the Exalted’s verses (proofs,evidences) that proves the existence of Allah, and that He is able to do all things.

 

The second kind:  the sensed miracles of the Prophets, which are signs and evidences which people witness and hear about.  They are one of the greatest proofs of the existence of He Who has sent them, because these miracles are extraordinary matters, which Allah, the Exalted caused to happen as a support for His Messengers.

 

For example:  The miracle of the Prophet Moses (May Allah’s peace be upon him), when Allah, the Exalted ordered him to strike the sea with his stick and it parted into two separate dry walls and each separate part of that sea water became like a huge mountain.

 

Allah, the Exalted says in Surat ash-Shu’ara (26:63):

 

“Then we inspired Moses (saying):  “Strike the sea with your stick. And it parted, and each separate part (of that sea water) became like the huge, firm mass of a mountain.”

 

And among the miracles of Prophet Jesus (May Allah’s peace be upon him) is that he was bringing the dead to life and brought forth the dead by Allah’s leave. 

 

Allah, the Exalted says in Surat al-Imran (3:49):

“…..and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s leave..”

 

and in Surat al-Ma’idah (5:110):

“…..and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission.”

 

From the miracles of Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) is the splitting the moon, when the people of Makkah requested Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) to show them a miracle, so he pointed towards the moon and it cleft asunder into two halves, and the people witnessed that in his era.

 

Allah, the Exalted says in Surat al-Qamar (54:1-2):

 

     “The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder.  And  if they see a sign, they turn away, and say:  “ ‘This is continuous magic.’”

 

And these tangible signs decisively indicate (convincingly) the existence of Allah, the Exalted.

Legitimate Evidences

The path of Guidance is that what Allah, the Exalted has sent (brought to us) through His Messengers (May Allah’s peace be upon them).  It consists of the unwritten (traditional) and intellectual evidences, and it is one of the greatest evidences which guides mankind to know Allah, the Exalted and believing in Him.

 

All of the heavenly transcripts speak the truth namely: Allah is the Creator of all things, the Only One Who deserves to be worshipped.

 

All legislations and verdicts that have come in these transcripts are for the benefit of man and indicate that they are from a wise Lord, the All-Knower of His creatures.

 

The guidance (direction) of the Qur’an is of two kinds:

 

1-    The true information (news) of Allah, the Exalted that all what Allah or the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him) informed us about is true and there is nothing in it that contradicts  intellectual evidences.

2-    The guidance (direction) of the Qur’an is by giving examples and intellectual proofs, e.g. Allah says in Surat al-Baqarah (2:21-22)

“O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), who created you and those who were before you so that you may become the pious.  Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down rain from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you.  Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped.”

 

The legitimate evidence, which proves the existence of Allah and that He is the Lord of everything and its King, Who disposes its affairs requires that He is the Only One Who deserves to be worshipped and no one else.

 

Allah, the Exalted directs the attention and hearts of the humans towards what there is in this universe, of amazing creatures.  Allah, the Exalted showed us in His book, magnificent universal verses and signs, which prove His existence and His complete Ability and Great disposition and perfect creation, from these signs are the creation of man and Allah, the Exalted’s providence and care for him.

 

O  mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then verily! We have created you from dust (i.e. Adam), then from a “Nutfah” (mixed drops of male and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh, some formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that we may make (it) clear for you (i.e. to show you Our power and ability to do what We will).  And We cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your age of full strength.  And among you there is he who dies (young), and among you there is he who is brought back to miserable old age, so that he knows nothing after having known…” Surat al-Hajj (22:5)

 

Also Allah, the Exalted showed us what there is in the world of animals; of its creation formation, kinds, etc… Also the plants (botanical) world, the winds, etc.   Most great of all is His directing our attention to the creation of the heaven and the earth, the day and the night, and what there is of signs which indicate the grandness of the Creator:

 

“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to a mankind, and the rain which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive there with after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He scatters therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc…) for people of understanding.”  Surat Al-Baqarah (2:164)

 

And the Qur’an is full of these kinds of evidences.

 

The miracles of the Prophets (May Allah’s peace be upon them).  Allah, the Exalted supported the Messengers with miracles which are extraordinary and go beyond (exceed) the laws of this life and universe, as a proof of their truthfulness and to confirm their message.  If the prophecy of the Messengers was proved by the miracles, then it is clear that there should be a sender who sent them.  For the confirmation of the message requires the confirmation of the one who has sent it.

So the miracles themselves are a means to know the truthfulness of the Messengers, which accordingly confirms the One Who sent them.